Here's what I sent (was: Re: [Fsfe-ie] ok, patent letter being sent now, please take a look asap)
ciaran at member.fsf.org
Fri May 14 17:21:55 CEST 2004
Glenn Strong <Glenn.Strong at cs.tcd.ie> writes:
> On Friday, May 14, 2004 at 15:20 +0100, Ian Clarke wrote:
> I agree that it looks good - send (with the corrections noted by Ian).
sent. (with corrections from Ian, and yourself)
> Perhaps it could fit in the last paragraph - very quickly written
> alternative wording (only the last sentence changed):
I stuck with the original since it's simpler. Given that the Other Side
claim their version doesn't allow software patents, the only unambiguous way
to ask our politicians to do something which we know really does exclude
software patents is to ask for the parliaments version.
(and I don't know the draft for discussion well enough to talk about it.)
The fsfe-ie archives mangled my last mail to Ian about adding a quote from
the US FTC report, so here's exactly what I sent (minus the attachment -
which i made with 'pdftk' a cool piece of software that can split pdf docs
into pages and join them again - "tk" is just "toolkit", not TCL's friend).
To An Tánaiste, Mary Harney,
To whom it may concern,
I am writing to you regarding EU directive COD/2002/0047 "on the
patentability of computer-implemented inventions", which will be discussed
by the Competitiveness Council on the 17th and 18th of this month. Members
of Irish Free Software Organisation (IFSO) have been involved in this
directive since June of 2003 and we would like to offer our assistance.
The Right to Write Software
For software to be competitive, it must allow it's users to share data with
other people. To do this, is has to be able to read and write the files
that software users have created with the market leaders' software. If
companies are allowed to patent techniques required for writing certain file
formats, compatibility could be made illegal. By rendering alternative
software packages useless, competition would become a puppet show, and a lot
of innovative software would go unused.
In addition to data compatibility, software users expect a certain level of
functionality. If a new piece of software is to enter the market, it must
do the work of the current market leader, plus something new. This
incremental or cumulative development style is how the software industry has
progressed, but if software developers are prohibited from implementing
widely used features, new products will cease to be competitive.
Software already has "ownership rights" in the form of copyright. Use of
copyright is instant, free, and doesn't interfere with other peoples work.
In contrast, patents would leave even independent software development open
to patent infringement charges.
An open letter from 14 notable European economists said:
``Unlike most complex technologies, the opportunity to develop software is
open to small companies, and even to individuals. Software patents damage
innovation by raising costs and uncertainties in assembling the many
components needed for complex computer programs and constraining the
speed and effectiveness of innovation.''
The full letter is available at:
Free Software, also known as "Libre Software", or "Open Source"
Free Software is software that comes with royalty-free permission to run,
study, modify, copy, and redistribute the software.
Since the mid-nineties, some businesses have been building a new business
model based on the fact that it costs nothing to give people these rights,
and there's no barrier to entry into the market. These businesses make
money from providing software development services such as writing
extensions, customisation, system setup, technical support, etc. and each
new company contributes to the pool of Free Software. The European
Commissions' Information Society Initiative recently released a report on
"Free / Open Source Software F/OSS", which says:
``On the provider side, F/OSS creates new opportunities for software and
service providers, which may be a unique opportunity for the European
software industry - somehow this may be a proverbial "second and last
Software patents are particularly harmful to Free Software, more so than
unfree/proprietary software because Free Software cannot require per-copy
royalties, so Free Software projects find it virtually impossible to get
permission to use patented technologies.
The US Federal Trade Commission
Finally, we'd like to draw your attention to the October 2003 report by the
US Federal Trade Commission.
The report is 315 pages and covers the US patent system as a whole, but I
have excerpted and attached the 13-page section specific to the patenting of
software. In the printed copy, this section begins on page "44" of chapter
3 (each chapter staring at 1), or page 153 in the complete digital copy
which can be found at http://www.ftc.gov/os/2003/10/innovationrpt.pdf
> From the conclusion:
``Many panelists and participants expressed the view that software and
Internet patents are impeding innovation. They stated that such patents
are impairing follow-on incentives, increasing entry barriers, creating
uncertainty that harms incentives to invest in innovation, and producing
The conclusion listed no redeeming qualities for software patents.
Software patents were introduced into the US in 1986 by a court decision
rather than any democratic legislative procedure, and because the US was the
first economy to permit software patents, their decision was made without
the benefit of being able to study the effects of software patents in other
countries. The EU has the advantage of being able to learn from their
The US held the dominant position in the software industry long before 1986,
so the existence of software patents in the US should not be construed to
imply that they benefit the industry. In contrast, we believe that if
software patentability spreads into Europe, it would stagnate the industry
in a manner which would benefit only the very large software companies -
none of which are European.
Last September, we were pleased that Ireland's MEPs, along with the majority
of the European Parliament, voted to adopt a set of amendments which would
clarify that software innovations are excluded from patentability. For the
reasons given above, we believe it is clear that the introduction of legal
software patents would be disastrous for Europe's software developers and
software users, and we ask that you support the decision of the Irish MEPs
and the parliament.
Please contact us if you would like any further input from IFSO, we would
be glad to oblige.
Chairman, Irish Free Software Organisation
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